Burgos Cathedral, the first Gothic Cathedral to be built in Spain and also one of the richest, was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984.
Founded by King Fernando III, The saint, and Bishop D. Mauricio, its construction began in 1221 and inside it houses chapels from the 13th to the 18th centuries where we can admire different architectural styles.
The Chapel of the Constables (15th-16th centuries) stands out, due to its size and great artistic wealth, it looks like a small Cathedral inside the Cathedral. Prestigious artists of the time such as Simón and Francisco de Colonia, Diego de Siloé and Felipe Vigarny worked there.
Other remarkable works are the splendid 16th century Renaissance and Mudejar dome, built by Juan de Vallejo following plans by Juan de Langrés, the Golden Staircase by Diego de Siloé, the Choir Stalls, made by Felipe Virgany and other important artists from the 16th century, the Gothic Cloister and the Museum that has a splendid collection of paintings, as well as Flemish tapestries and goldsmiths.
Since 1921, Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar, the Cid, and his wife Doña Jimena are buried in the transept of the Cathedral. In addition, the dowry contract that Rodrigo grants to his wife Doña Jimena at the time of their marriage and the famous Cid chest are kept in the Cathedral.
Inside you can also see a famous figure of a clock, known as Papamoscas, who opens and closes his mouth to give the hours on the dot and that has been in the Cathedral of Burgos for several centuries.
Outside the Cathedral the French Gothic influence of the Cathedrals of Paris, Reims and Amiens can be seen, because the first architects came from France.
The Sarmental and Coronería Gothic doors from the 13th century stand out, and also the Pellejeria door with Renaissance and Plateresque influences from the 16th century, as well as the magnificent spiers of the towers of the main façade made in the 15th century by Juan de Cologne.